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首页 > 2014年第10卷关键词总汇

A
 1 absolute neutrophil count  中性粒细胞绝对值
 2 activities of daily living  日常生活活动
 3 acute coronary syndrome  急性冠脉综合征
 4 acute exacerbation of COPD  COPD急性加重
 5 Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ 急性生理学及慢性健康评估Ⅱ
 6 adenocarcinoma  腺癌
 7 adenocarcinoma in situ  原位腺癌
 8 Adverse Cough Outcome Survey  不良咳嗽结局调查
 9 adverse event  不良事件
10 African American  非洲裔美国人
11 age,dyspnea,and airfl ow obstruction  年龄,呼吸困难,气流阻塞程度
12 analysis of variance  方差分析
13 angiotensin II receptor blocke  血管紧张素II受体拮抗剂
14 angiotensin-converting enzyme  血管紧张素转换酶
15 angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor  血管紧张素转换酶抑制剂
16 Anti-Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering to Prevent Heart Attack Trial  降压降脂预防心脏病发作的试验
17 area under the curve  曲线下面积
18 area under the plasma concentration-time curve  血浆浓度—时间曲线下面积
19 area under the plasma concentration-time curve 0 to 12 h postdose  用药前0~12 h血浆浓度—时间曲线下面积


B
20 BAL fluid        支气管肺泡灌洗液
21 blood glucose  血糖
22 BMI,airflow obstruction,dyspnea,and exercise capacity  体重指数,气流阻塞程度,呼吸困难,运动耐量
23 brain natriuretic peptide  脑利钠肽
24 bronchoscopic lung volume reduction  经支气管镜肺减容术


C
25 calcium channel blocker  钙通道阻断剂
26 cigarettes per day  每日吸烟
27 circulatory overload  循环容量超负荷
28 closing volume  闭合容积
29 conflict of interest         利益冲突
30 congestive heart failure  充血性心力衰竭
31 congestive heart failure and coexisting pneumonia 充血性心力衰竭合并肺炎
32 congestive heart failure as the sole diagnosis  单 纯充血性心力衰竭
33 connective tissue disease-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension  结缔组织病相关肺动脉高压
34 Cough-Specific Quality-of-Life Questionnaire   咳嗽特异性生活质量问卷
35 C-reactive protein  C-反应蛋白
36 CT pulmonary angiography  CT肺血管造影
37 cumulative incidence of recurrence  累积发病率


D
38 dendritic cell   树突细胞
39 deoxyribonuclease  脱氧核糖核酸酶
40 destruction score  毁损评分
41 diagnostic OR  诊断比值比
42 diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide 肺部一氧化碳弥散量
43 disease-free survival  无病生存期
44 double-stranded RNA  双链RNA
45 dry powder inhaler  干粉吸入器


E
46 electronic cigarette  电子烟
47 emphysema index  肺气肿指数
48 endobronchial ultrasound  支气管内超声引导
49 endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial
needle aspiration  支气管内超声引导下经支气管细针活检
50 endobronchial valve  支气管内瓣膜
51 end-stage renal disease  终末期肾病
52 end-stage renal disease with coexisting circulatory overload or congestive heart failure  终末期肾病合并循环容量超负荷或充血性心力衰竭
53 epidermal growth factor  上皮生长因子
54 epidermal growth factor receptor  上皮生长因子受体
55 epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor  表皮生长因子受体酪氨酸激酶抑制剂
56 epithelial mesenchymal trophic unit  上皮间充质营养单位
57 expiratory flow limitation   呼气流速受限
58 exudative pleural effusion   渗出性胸腔积液


F
59 false negative  假阴性
60 false positive  假阳性
61 FEV1 % predicted  第1秒用力呼气容积占预计值的百分比
62 fixed effect model   固定效应模型
63 fluticasone propionate   丙酸氟替卡松
64 forced oscillation technique  强迫震荡法
65 formoterol fumarate  富马酸福莫特罗
66 fractional exhaled nitric oxide  呼出气一氧化氮
67 functional class  功能分级
68 functional residual capacity  功能残气量


G
69 geometric mean ratio  几何平均比值
70 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease  慢性阻塞性肺疾病全球倡议
71 Global Rating of Change  全球变化分量表
72 graft-vs-host disease   移植物抗宿主病
73 ground-glass opacity  磨玻璃影


H
74 hazard ratio  危险比
75 health-related quality of life  健康相关生活质量
76 hematoxylin and eosin  苏木精—伊红
77 hemoglobin  血红蛋白
78 high-resolution CT  高分辨率CT
79 Hounsfield Units   亨斯菲尔德单位
80 house dust mite  屋尘螨
81 human leukocyte antigen  人类白细胞抗原
82 hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal  下丘脑—垂体—肾上腺


I
83 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis   特发性肺纤维化
84 indwelling pleural catheter  内置式胸腔引流管
85 inhaled corticosteroid  吸入糖皮质激素
86 interferon  干扰素
87 interferon regulatory factor  干扰素调节因子
88 interferon γ  干扰素γ
89 internal diameter  内径
90 internal perimeter  内周长
91 International Classification of Diseases,Ninth Revision  国际疾病分类第9版
92 International Classification of Diseases,Tenth Revision  国际疾病分类第10版


L
93 lactate dehydrogenase   乳酸脱氢酶
94 left lower lobe   左下肺叶
95 left upper lobe   左上肺叶
96 Leicester Cough Questionnaire  莱斯特咳嗽问卷
97 liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry 液相色谱—串联质谱法
98 long-acting anti-muscarinic agent  长效抗胆碱药
99 long-acting β2-agonist  长效β2-受体激动剂
100 Lovelace Smokers Cohort  Lovelace吸烟队列
101 lower limit of quantitation  定量下限
102 Lung Health Study  肺部健康研究
103 lung volume reduction surgery  肺减容术
104 lymph node  淋巴结


M
105 malignant pleural effusion 恶性胸腔积液
106 mean corpuscular volume 平均血细胞比容
107 medical writing 医学论文写作
108 mesenchymal stem cell  间充质干细胞
109 metered-dose inhaler  定量吸入器
110 6-min walk distance  6分钟步行距离
111 6-min walk test  6分钟步行试验
112 minimal clinically important difference   最小有临床意义的重要差异
113 minimally important difference   最小重要差异
114 minimally invasive adenocarcinoma  微小浸润性腺癌
115 Modified Borg Dyspnea Scale Borg   改良呼吸困难量表
116 mometasone furoate  糠酸莫米松
117 multislice CT  多层螺旋CT


N
118 National Emphysema Treatment Trial  国立肺气肿治疗试验
119 National Lung Screening Trial  国家肺癌筛查试验
120 negative likelihood ratio  阴性似然比
121 non-Hispanic white  非西班牙裔白人
122 non-small cell lung cancer  非小细胞肺癌
123 Normoglycemia in Intensive Care Evaluation and Survival Using Glucose Algorithm Regulation 重症监护正常血糖评估及生存采用葡萄糖算法调节
124 nuclear factor κB  核因子κB
125 number of lymph nodes  淋巴结数目


O
126 online manuscript submissions  网上论文投稿
127 overall survival  总生存率


P
128 Parent Cough-Specifi c Quality-of-Life Questionnaire  父母咳嗽特异性生活质量问卷
129 particulate matter  颗粒物
130 parts per billion  十亿分之
131 pathologic lymph node  病理性淋巴结
132 pathologic tumor  病理性肿瘤
133 peak expiratory flow   呼气峰流速
134 peak plasma concentration  血浆峰浓度
135 Pediatric Cough Questionnaire  小儿咳嗽问卷
136 percentage of low attenuation area  低衰减区域百分比
137 performance status  性能状态
138 physical function  生理功能
139 physical therapy  物理治疗
140 Physiotherapy Evidence-Based Database  物理治疗循证数据库
141 plasma cortisol trough level  血浆皮质醇谷浓度
142 pleural fluid analysis   胸水分析
143 polymorphonuclear leukocyte  多形核白细胞
144 positive likelihood ratio  阳性似然比
145 postrecurrence survival  复发后生存
146 postrecurrence therapy  复发后治疗
147 pulmonary arterial hypertension  肺动脉高压
148 pulmonary capillary wedge pressure  肺毛细血管楔压
149 pulmonary embolism  肺栓塞
150 pulmonary function test  肺功能检查
151 pulmonary hypertension  肺高压


Q
152 quality of life  生活质量


R
153 random effects model   随机效应模型
154 randomized controlled trial  随机对照试验
155 rapid on-site cytologic evaluation  快速现场细胞学评估
156 rate ratio  比值比
157 receiver operating characteristic  受试者工作特征
158 recurrence-free proportion  无复发比例
159 red cell distribution width  红细胞体积分布宽度
160 Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term PAH Disease Management  评价早期和长期PAH疾病管理的注册研究
161 relative risk  相对危险度
162 residual volume  残气量
163 respiratory system reactance  呼吸系统电抗
164 respiratory system resistance  呼吸系统阻力
165 right lower lobe  右肺下叶
166 right middle lobe  右肺中叶
167 right upper lobe  右肺上叶
168 right ventricular  右心室
169 right-sided heart catheterization  右心导管术
170 right-sided ventricular hypertrophy  右心室肥厚
171 right-sided ventricular systolic dysfunction  右心室收缩功能障碍
172 right-sided ventricular systolic pressure  右心室收缩压


S
173 salmeterol  沙美特罗
174 Sequential Organ Failure Assessment  序贯器官衰竭评分
175 Short Form-36 Physical Function questionnaire 简明36项生理功能量表
176 Short-Form 36 Health Survey  健康调查简表-36
177 Sildenafi l Trial of Exercise Performance in IPF 西地那非干预IPF运动能力的临床试验
178 Simplified Acute Physiology Score  简化急性生理学评分
179 single-breath nitrogen washout  单次呼吸氮呼出量
180 square root of wall area  管壁面积平方根
181 square root of wall area of a theoretical airway normalized at internal diameter = 2 mm  用2 mm理论内径标准化后的气道管壁面积平方根
182 square root of wall area of an airway normalized at internal perimeter = 10 mm  用10 mm内周长标准化后的气道管壁面积平方根
183 St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire  圣•乔治呼吸问卷
184 standardized mean difference   标准化均数差
185 systematic review  系统评价


T
186 T helper  T辅助细胞
187 time to clinical worsening  临床恶化时间
188 time to reach peak plasma concentration  到达血浆峰浓度的时间
189 Timed Up and Go  计时起步—行走试验
190 tissue plasminogen activator  组织纤溶酶原激活剂
191 total lung capacity  肺总量
192 % of total lung volume falling below an attenuation threshold of -856 Hounsfield Units on expiratory CT scan  在呼气相CT值低于-856 HU的肺部低衰减区域占总肺容积的百分比
193 % of total lung volume falling below an attenuation threshold of -950 Hounsfield Units on inspiratory CT scan  在吸气相CT值低于-950 HU的肺部低衰减区域占总肺容积的百分比
194 total nucleated cell count  有核细胞总数
195 Toward a Revolution in COPD Health  针对COPD健康的革命
196 transbronchial needle aspiration  经支气管针吸活检
197 transforming growth factor-β  转化生长因子-β
198 Trial of Inhaled Steroids and Long-Acting b2 Agonists 吸入糖皮质激素和长效β2-激动剂临床试验
199 true negative  真阴性
200 true positive  真阳性
201 tumor necrosis factor  肿瘤坏死因子
202 tumor necrosis factor α  肿瘤坏死因子-α


V
203 ventilation / perfusion  通气/灌注
204 ventilator-associated pneumonia  呼吸机相关性肺炎
205 Veterans Administration  退伍军人管理局
206 visceral pleural invasion  脏层胸膜受侵
207 visual analog scale  视觉模拟量表
208 vital capacity  肺活量


W
209 wall area  管壁面积
210 wall area percent  管壁面积百分比
211 wall thickness  管壁厚度
212 wall thickness of a theoretical airway normalized at ID = 2 mm  以2 mm理论内径标准化后的气
道管壁厚度
213 wall thickness of an airway normalized at Pi = 10 mm  用10 mm内周长标准化后的气道管壁厚度
214 weighted mean difference   加权平均差
215 World Health Organization  世界卫生组织


Z
216 zonula occludens  闭锁小带

 
 
         
     




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