中文版
Official publication of the American College of Chest Physicians
本期杂志 往期杂志 编委会 杂志征订 关于我们 广告联系 相关链接

   
首页 > 2015年第11卷关键词总汇

A
 1 absolute neutrophil count  中性粒细胞绝对值
 2 acid-fast bacilli  抗酸杆菌
 3 acute coronary syndrome  急性冠脉综合征
 4 acute decompensated heart failure  急性失代偿性心衰
 5 acute exacerbation  急性加重
 6 acute exacerbation of COPD  慢性阻塞性肺病急性加重
 7 Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ  急性生理学及慢性健康评估Ⅱ
 8 additional treatment  额外治疗
 9 adrenomedullin  肾上腺髓质素
10 age,dyspnea,and airflow obstruction  年龄、呼吸困难和气流受限
11 allergen-specific immunotherapy  过敏原特异性免疫治疗
12 alveolar-arterial oxygen difference  肺泡动脉氧气差异
13 American College of Chest Physicians  美国胸科医师协会
14 analysis of variance  方差分析
15 anaplastic lymphoma kinase  间变性淋巴瘤激酶
16 angiomyolipoma   肾血管平滑肌脂肪瘤
17 angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blocker  血管紧张素Ⅱ受体拮抗剂
18 angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor  血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂
19 antibody  抗体
20 Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering to Prevent Heart Attack Trial  降压降脂预防心脏病发作的试验
21 aorta  主动脉
22 area under the curve  曲线下面积
23 Asthma Control Questionnaire-6  哮喘控制问卷-6
24 autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis  自身免疫性肺肺泡蛋白质沉积症

B
25 B regulatory cell  调节性B细胞
26 BAL fluid  支气管肺泡灌洗液
27 blood glucose  血糖
28 BMI,airway obstruction,dyspnea,and exercise capacity  体重指数,气流阻塞程度,呼吸困难,运动能力
29 bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome  闭塞性细支气管炎综合征
30 Bronchitis Randomized on N-Acetylcysteine Cost-Utility Study  支气管炎N-乙酰半胱氨酸成本效用研究

C
31 calcium channel blocker  钙通道阻断剂
32 carcinoembryonic antigen  癌胚抗原
33 cardiac MRI 心脏磁共振成像
34 cardiac output  心排出量
35 cardiac troponin  肌钙蛋白
36 cardiac troponinⅠ  肌钙蛋白Ⅰ
37 circulatory overload  循环容量超负荷
38 Clinical Classifications Software  临床分类软件
39 community-acquired pneumonia  社区获得性肺炎
40 conflict of interest  利益冲突
41 congestive heart failure  充血性心力衰竭
42 congestive heart failure and coexisting pneumonia 充血性心力衰竭合并肺炎
43 congestive heart failure as the sole diagnosis  单纯充血性心力衰竭
44 conventional transbronchial needle aspiration 传统的经支气管针吸活检
45 coronary artery bypass graft  冠状动脉旁路移植
46 C-reactive protein  C-反应蛋白
47 CT pulmonary angiography  CT 肺血管造影
48 cycle threshold  循环阈值

D
49 dendritic cell   树突状细胞
50 diastolic pulmonary artery pressure  肺动脉舒张压
51 diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide 肺部一氧化碳弥散量
52 disease severity score  疾病严重度评分
53 disease-specific survival  疾病特异性生存率

E
54 emphysema index  肺气肿指数
55 end-diastolic volume  舒张末容积
56 endobronchial biopsy  支气管活检
57 endobronchial ultrasound  支气管内超声
58 endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration  超声支气管镜引导下经支气管针吸活检
59 end-stage renal disease with coexisting circulatory overload or congestive heart failure  终末期肾病合并循环容量超负荷或充血性心力衰竭
60 endstage renal disease   终末期肾病
61 epidermal growth factor receptor  表皮生长因子受体
62 epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor  表皮生长因子受体酪氨酸激酶抑制剂

F
63 fibroblast growth factor receptor  成纤维细胞生长因子受体
64 fluorescence in situ hybridization  荧光原位杂交
65 forced expiratory flow rate,midexpiratory phase 用力呼气流速,呼气中期
66 free from additional treatment  无需额外治疗

G
67 gastroesophageal reflux  胃食管反流
68 gastroesophageal reflux disease  胃食管反流疾病
69 genomic DNA  基因组DNA
70 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease  慢性阻塞性肺疾病全球创议
71 glutathione  谷胱甘肽
72 granulocytemacrophage colony-stimulating factor 粒细胞―巨噬细胞集落刺激因子

H
73 hazard ratio  危险比
74 health-care professional  专职健康保健人员
75 health-related quality of life  健康相关生活质量
76 heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension  遗传性肺动脉高压
77 heterogeneity index  异质性指数
78 high-resolution CT  高分辨率CT
79 Hounsfield unit  亨氏单位
80 hydrogen peroxide  过氧化氢

I
81 idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension  特发性肺动脉高压
82 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis  特发性肺纤维化
83 IL-10-producing B regulatory  产IL-10的调节性B细胞
84 indwelling pleural catheter  留置胸管
85 inferior vena cava  下腔静脉
86 inhaled corticosteroid  吸入皮质类固醇激素
87 internal diameter  内径
88 internal perimeter  内周长
89 International Classification of Diseases,Ninth Revision  国际疾病分类第9版
90 interquartile range  四分位间距
91 invasive mechanical ventilation  有创性机械通气

K
92 Krebs von den Lungen-6  Ⅱ型肺泡细胞表面抗原

L
93 lactate dehydrogenase  乳酸脱氢酶
94 left bronchial  左支气管
95 left lower lobe posterior basal bronchus  左下叶后基底段支气管
96 left lower lobe  左下叶
97 left upper lobe  左上叶
98 left upper lobe apicoposterior bronchus  左上叶尖后段支气管
99 left ventricular  左心室
100 left ventricular ejection fraction  左心室射血分数
101 left ventricular end-systolic volume  左心室收缩末容积
102 length of hospital stay  住院时间
103 long-acting antimuscarinic agent  长效抗胆碱能药
104 long-acting β2-agonist  长效β2-激动剂
105 loss of heterozygosity  杂合性缺失
106 low attenuation area  低衰减区域
107 low-dose CT  低剂量CT
108 lung pixels with an attenuation of ≤-856 HU on expiratory CT scan  呼气相CT扫描衰减≤-856 HU的肺像素
109 lung pixels with an attenuation of ≤-950 HU on inspiratory CT scan  吸气相CT扫描衰减≤-950 HU的肺像素
110 lung volume reduction surgery  肺减容术
111 lymphangioleiomyomatosis  淋巴管肌瘤病

M
112 mammalian target of rapamycin  哺乳动物雷帕霉素靶蛋白
113 mean difference  平均差值
114 mean pulmonary artery pressure  平均肺动脉压
115 mechanical ventilation  机械通气
116 medical writing  医学论文写作
117 mesenchymal epithelial transition  间皮表皮转化
118 midrange-proadrenomedullin  肾上腺髓质素前体中段肽
119 6-min walk test  6分钟步行试验
120 motion mode  运动模式
121 Mycobacterium tuberculosis  结核分枝杆菌

N
122 N-acetyl-cysteine  N-乙酰半胱氨酸
123 National Hospital Discharge Survey  国立医院出院调查
124 National Institutes of Health  国立健康研究机构
125 National Lung Screening Trial  国家肺癌筛查试验
126 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample  全国急诊样本
127 Nationwide Inpatient Sample  全国住院样本
128 net reclassification improvement  重新分类净获益
129 New York Heart Association  纽约心脏协会
130 next-generation sequencing  下一代测序
131 no template control  阴性对照
132 noninvasive ventilation  无创性机械通气
133 non-small cell lung cancer  非小细胞肺癌
134 nontuberculous mycobacterium  非结核分枝杆菌
135 Normoglycemia in Intensive Care Evaluation and Survival Using Glucose Algorithm Regulation  重症监护正常血糖评估及生存采用葡萄糖算法调节
136 N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide  N-末端脑钠肽前体

O
137 online manuscript submissions  网上论文投稿
138 overall survival  总体生存率

P
139 pancreatic stone protein  胰石/再生蛋白
140 percentage of lung CT scan voxels below a threshold of -950 Hounsfield units  肺部CT扫描像素低 于-950 HU阈值的百分比
141 performance status  性能状态
142 phosphodiesterase-4  磷酸二酯酶-4
143 phospholipase A2  磷脂酶A2
144 pleural elastance  胸膜弹性
145 pleural fluid analysis  胸水分析
146 polymerase chain reaction  聚合酶链反应
147 positive-end expiratory pressure  呼气末正压
148 postrecurrence survival  复发后生存
149 postrecurrence therapy  复发后治疗
150 procalcitonin  降钙素原
151 provocation concentration methacholine causing a 20% drop in FEV1  引起FEV1下降20%的乙
酰甲胆碱激发浓度
152 pulmonary alveolar proteinosis  肺泡蛋白质沉积症
153 pulmonary artery  肺动脉
154 pulmonary artery systolic pressure  肺动脉收缩压
155 pulmonary embolism  肺栓塞
156 Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index  肺栓塞严重度指数
157 pulmonary function test  肺功能检查
158 pulmonary vascular resistance  肺血管阻力

R
159 randomized controlled trial  随机对照试验
160 rapid on-site evaluation  现场快速评估
161 receiver operating characteristic  受试者工作特征
162 receiver operating characteristics curve  受试者工作特征曲线
163 recurrence-free proportion  无复发比例
164 region of interest  感兴趣区域
165 regional specific gas volume  区域气体比容
166 relative risk  相对危险度
167 residual volume  残气量
168 Revised Geneva Score  修订后日内瓦评分
169 right atrial pressure  右房压
170 right bronchial  右支气管
171 right lower lobe  右下叶
172 right lower lobe posterior basal bronchus  右下叶后基底段支气管
173 right middle lobe lateral bronchus  右中叶外段支气管
174 right upper lobe  右上叶
175 right upper lobe apical bronchus  右上叶尖段支气管
176 right ventricular  右心室
177 right ventricular ejection fraction  右心室射血分数
178 right ventricular end-diastolic volume  右心室舒张末容积
179 right ventricular end-systolic volume  右心室收缩末容积
180 right-sided heart catheterization  右心导管

S
181 self-management  自我管理
182 Short Form-36  36-简表
183 single nucleotide polymorphism  单核苷酸多态性
184 small cell lung cancer  小细胞肺癌
185 specific gas volume  气体比容
186 speckle tracking imaging  斑点追踪显像
187 squamous cell carcinoma  鳞状细胞癌
188 square root of wall area of a theoretical airway normalized at internal diameter = 2 mm  用2mm理论内径标准化后的气道管壁面积平方根
189 square root of wall area of an airway normalized at internal perimeter = 10 mm  用10 mm内周长标准化后的气道管壁面积平方根
190 square root of wall area  管壁面积平方根
191 St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire  圣•乔治呼吸问卷
192 stroke volume  每搏输出量
193 subcutaneous immunotherapy  皮下免疫治疗
194 sublingual immunotherapy  舌下免疫治疗
195 superior lingular bronchus  上舌段支气管
196 surfactant protein  表面活性蛋白
197 Surveillance,Epidemiology,and End Results 随访、 流行病学及最终结果
198 systolic pulmonary artery pressure  收缩期肺动脉压

T
199 T helper  辅助型T细胞
200 T regulatory cell  调节性T细胞
201 Toll-like receptor  Toll样受体
202 total bronchial area  总支气管区
203 total lung capacity  肺总量
204 total nucleated cell count  有核细胞总数
205 Toward a Revolution in COPD Health  针对COPD健康的革命
206 transbronchial lung biopsy  经支气管肺组织活检
207 transbronchial needle aspiration  经支气管针吸活检
208 transforming growth factor-β  转化生长因子-β
209 transmembrane immunoglobulin and mucin 跨膜免疫球蛋白和黏蛋白
210 Trial of Inhaled Steroids and Long-Acting β2 Agonists  吸入糖皮质激素和长效β2-激动剂临床试验
211 tuberous sclerosis complex  结节性硬化症
212 tumor necrosis factor  肿瘤坏死因子
213 tyrosine kinase inhibitor  酪氨酸激酶抑制剂

U
214 usual interstitial pneumonitis  普通性间质性肺炎

V
215 Veterans Administration  退伍军人管理局
216 vital capacity  肺活量
217 volume / volume  体积/体积

W
218 wall area  管壁面积
219 wall area percent  管壁面积百分比
220 wall thickness  管壁厚度
221 wall thickness of a theoretical airway normalized at ID = 2 mm  以2 mm理论内径标准化后的气道管壁厚度
222 wall thickness of an airway normalized at Pi = 10 mm  用10 mm内周长标准化后的气道管壁厚度
223 whole-lung lavage  全肺灌洗

 
 
         
     




Copyright (c) 2003-2014 Everwell Corporation(USA). Terms Of Use | Privacy Guidelines                                           沪ICP备05028749号