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首页 > 2016年第12卷关键词总汇

A
 1 absolute neutrophil count  中性粒细胞绝对值
 2 acute pulmonary embolism  急性肺栓塞
 3 Acute Coronary Events  急性冠脉事件
 4 acute exacerbation of COPD  慢性阻塞性肺疾 病急性加重
 5 Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation 急性生理学和慢性健康评估
 6 airflow obstruction  气流受限
 7 airway inflammation  气道炎症
 8 airway obstruction  气道阻塞
 9 airway smooth muscle  气道平滑肌
10 allergic broncho-pulmonary aspergillosis  变应 性支气管肺曲霉菌病
11 American College of Chest Physicians  美国胸科医师学会
12 American Thoracic Society  美国胸科学会
13 antibiotic therapy   抗生素治疗
14 antinuclear antibody  抗核抗体
15 anti-tRNA synthetase  抗-tRNA合成酶
16 ARDS  急性呼吸窘迫综合征
17 area under the curve  曲线下面积
18 area under the receiver operating characteristic  受试者操作特征曲线下面积
19 asthma  哮喘
20 Asthma Control Questionnaire  哮喘控制问卷
21 asthma control questionnaire 6  哮喘控制问卷 调查6
22 asthma-COPD overlap syndrome  哮喘-COPD重叠综合征
23 atopic cough  变应性咳嗽


B
24 blood vessel invasion  血管浸润
25 BMI,degree of airfl ow obstruction and dyspnea, and exercise capacity  体重指数,气流受限程度,呼吸困难,运动耐力
26 bronchoalveolar lavage  支气管肺泡灌洗
27 bronchoscopic lung volume reduction  支气管镜肺减容术


C
28 carcino-embryonic antigen  癌胚抗原
29 central venous catheter  中心静脉导管
30 Charlson Comorbidity Index  Charlson合并症指数
31 chest radiograph  胸部影像学
32 chronic kidney disease  慢性肾病
33 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  慢性阻塞性肺病
34 classification and regression tree  分类回归树
35 Clinical Database Resource Manager  临床数据库资源管理
36 clinical pulmonary infection score  临床肺部感染评分
37 CO2 output  CO2排出量
38 Composite Physiologic Index  综合生理指数
39 compression ultrasonography  加压超声
40 congestive heart failure  充血性心力衰竭
41 connective tissue disease  结缔组织病
42 connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease  结缔组织病相关性间质性肺病
43 constant work rate  恒定功率
44 corticosteroid  皮质类固醇激素
45 corticosteroid-responsive cough  激素敏感性咳嗽
46 cough 咳嗽
47 cough severity score  咳嗽严重度评分
48 cough variant asthma  咳嗽变异型哮喘
49 C-reactive protein  C反应蛋白
50 C-X-C motif ligand  CXC趋化因子配体


D
51 diabetes mellitus  糖尿病
52 diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide 肺部一氧化碳弥散量
53 direct gram stain culture  直接革兰染色培养
54 direct gram stain examination  直接革兰染色检查
55 direct oral anticoagulant  直接口服抗凝剂
56 drug-susceptibility testing  药物敏感性检测


E
57 early gastric cancer  早期胃癌
58 endobronchial ultrasound  经支气管超声
59 endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration  经支气管超声引导针吸活检
60 endotracheal aspirates  气管内抽吸物
61 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay  酶联免疫吸附法
62 eosinophilic bronchitis  嗜酸细胞性支气管炎
63 epidermal growth factor  上皮生长因子
64 epidermal growth factor receptor  表皮生长因子受体
65 European Respiratory Society  欧洲呼吸学会
66 Evaluation of COPD Longitudinally to Identify
Predictive Surrogate Endpoints  纵向识别COPD替代终点的队列研究
67 exercise testing  运动试验
68 extracellular matrix  细胞外基质


F
69 false negative  假阴性
70 false positive  假阳性
71 fluoroquinolone  氟喹诺酮类
72 fluoroquinolone resistance  氟喹诺酮类耐药性
73 fraction of exhaled nitric oxide  呼出气中一氧化氮


G
74 gastroesophageal reflux disease  胃食管反流病
75 Global Initiative for Asthma  哮喘全球倡议
76 Global Initiative for Chronic Lung Disease  慢性肺病的全球创议
77 glycosaminoglycan  葡萄氨聚糖


H
78 half-time  半衰期
79 hazard ratio  风险比
80 heart rate  心率
81 high reversjiaibility  高可逆性
82 high-resolution CT  高分辨率CT
83 histologicnonspecific interstitial pneumonia  组织学非特异性间质性肺炎
84 histologic usual interstitial pneumonia  组织学普通型间质性肺炎
85 human rhinovirus  人鼻病毒
86 hyaluronic acid  透明质酸
87 hyaluronic acid synthase  透明质酸合酶
88 hyaluronidase  透明质酸酶
89 hypereosinophilic obliterative bronchiolitis  高嗜酸粒细胞性闭塞性细支气管炎
90 hypertension   高血压


I
91 idiopathic interstitial pneumonia  特发性间质性肺炎
92 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis  肺间质纤维化
93 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis  特发性肺纤维化
94 Immune Profile Index  免疫特征
95 inhaled corticosteroid  吸入皮质类固醇激素
96 inspiratory capacity  深吸气量
97 inspiratory reserve volume  补吸气量
98 interferon  干扰素
99 interferon-stimulated gene  干扰素刺激基因
100 International Classification of Diseases,Ninth Revision  国际疾病分类第9版
101 interstitial lung disease  间质性肺炎
102 Interstitial Lung Disease-Gender,Age,Physiology 间质性肺病的性别、年龄、生理指数
103 ischemic heart disease  缺血性心脏病


L
104 latent TB infection  结核潜在感染
105 Leicester Cough Questionnaire  莱斯特咳嗽问卷
106 length of stay  入住时间
107 long-acting muscarinic antagonist  长效蕈毒碱拮抗剂
108 long-acting β-agonist  长效β-受体激动剂
109 low reversibility  低可逆性
110 low-dose CT  低剂量CT
111 low-molecular-weight heparin  低分子肝素
112 lung cancer  肺癌
113 Lung Cancer Screening Score  肺癌筛查评分
114 lung ultrasound  肺部超声
115 lung volume reduction surgery  肺减容术
116 lung-dominant connective tissue disease  以肺部受累为主的结缔组织病
117 lymphatic permeation   淋巴管渗透


M
118 matrix metalloproteinase  基质金属蛋白酶
119 maximum ventilatory capacity  最大通气量
120 mean pulmonary artery pressure  平均肺动脉压
121 mean response time  平均反应时间
122 mechanical ventilation  机械通气
123 medical thoracoscopy  内科胸腔镜检查
124 messenger RNA  信使RNA
125 microscopic vascular invasion  微血管侵蚀
126 6-min walk distance  6分钟步行距离
127 6-min walk test  6分钟步行试验
128 minimum inhibitory concentration  最低抑菌浓度
129 minute ventilation  分钟通气量
130 Modified Medical Research Council  改良的呼吸困难指数评分
131 multidisciplinary discussion  多学科讨论
132 Mycobacterium tuberculosis  结核分枝杆菌
133 myosin light chain kinase  肌球蛋白轻链激酶


N
134 National Cancer Center  国家癌症中心
135 negative predictive value  阴性预测值
136 nitric oxide  一氧化氮
137 noncorticosteroid-responsive cough  非激素敏感性咳嗽
138 non-small cell lung cancer  非小细胞肺癌
139 nonspecific interstitial pneumonia  非特异性间质性肺炎
140 not well controlled  控制欠佳


O
141 organizing pneumonia  机化性肺炎
142 outpatient department  门诊
143 overall survival  总体生存率
144 oxygen   氧气
145 oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry 经皮动脉血氧饱和度
146 oxygen uptake  摄氧量


P
147 percent predicted FVC  FVC占预计值百分比
148 peripheral blood mononuclear cell  外周血单核细胞
149 pleuropulmonary fibroelastosis  胸膜肺弹力纤维组织增生症
150 pneumonia  肺炎
151 polymerase chain reaction  聚合酶链反应
152 positive likelihood ratio  阳性似然比
153 positive predictive value  阳性预测值
154 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses  系统综述及荟萃分析的优先报告条目
155 pretest probability of malignancy  恶性肿瘤的验前概率
156 provocative dose causing a 20% drop in FEV1 引起FEV1下降20%的促发剂量
157 pulmonary artery capacitance  肺动脉容量
158 pulmonary artery pressure  肺动脉压
159 pulmonary artery wedge pressure  肺动脉楔压
160 pulmonary embolism  肺栓塞
161 Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index  肺栓塞严重度指数
162 pulmonary function test  肺功能检查
163 pulmonary nodule  肺结节
164 pulmonary vascular disease  肺血管疾病
165 pulmonary vascular resistance  肺血管阻力
166 pyrazinamide  吡嗪酰胺
167 pyrazinamide resistance  吡嗪酰胺耐药性


Q
168 Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 诊断准确性研究的质量评估
169 quinolone resistance-determining region  喹诺酮耐药决定区


R
170 randomized clinical trial  临床随机试验
171 rapid on-site evaluation  快速现场评估
172 recurrence-free proportion  无复发率
173 relative risk  相对危险度
174 residual volume  残气量
175 resource intensity weight  资源密集度加权值
176 right ventricular systolic pressure  右心室收缩压
177 right-sided heart catheterization  右心导管术


S
178 sequential compression device  序贯加压装置
179 Severe Asthma Research Program  严重哮喘研究项目
180 severity of illness  疾病严重度
181 single nucleotide polymorphism  单核苷酸多态性
182 St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire  圣•乔治呼吸问卷
183 standard uptake value  标准摄取值
184 surgical lung biopsy  外科肺活检
185 systemic sclerosis  系统性硬化症
186 systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease 系统性硬化相关间质性肺病

T
187 T-helper  T辅助细胞
188 time constant  时间常数
189 time delay  延时
190 time in therapeutic range  有效治疗时间
191 time to the limit of tolerance  肌耐力时间
192 total lung capacity  肺总量
193 transforming growth factor- β  转化生长因子-β
194 transthoracic needle aspiration  经胸针吸


U
195 unfractionated heparin  普通肝素
196 University HealthSystem Consortium  大学卫生系统联盟
197 upper airway cough syndrome  上气道咳嗽综合征
198 US Department of Veterans Affairs  美国退伍军人事务部
199 usual interstitial pneumonia  普通型间质性肺炎


V
200 Validating Acute Lung Injury Markers for Diagnosis 急性肺损伤诊断标志物验证研究
201 ventilator-associated pneumonia  呼吸机相关肺炎
202 ventilator-associated pneumonia lung ultrasound score  呼吸机相关性肺炎肺部超声评分
203 very poorly controlled  控制极差
204 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery  电视辅助胸腔镜手术
205 visceral pleural invasion  脏层胸膜浸润
206 vitamin K antagonist  微生素K拮抗剂


W
207 work rate  功率

 
 
         
     




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